According to IDEA, Supplementary Aids and Services means, aids, services and other supports that are provided in regular education classes or other education-related settings to enable children with disabilities to be educated with nondisabled children to the maximum extent appropriate.

Supplementary Aids and Services can include changes in:


  • Special seating
  • Study carrel
  • Providing space for movement or breaks
  • Providing help to maintain an uncluttered space

Instructional Strategies

  • Teaching to a child’s learning style
  • Providing one-to-one instruction
  • Providing differentiated instruction
  • Providing hands-on activities
  • Using technology to support instruction

Social or Behavioral Support

  • Rest breaks
  • Teaching child how to make friends
  • Functional behavioral analysis
  • Positive behavioral intervention plan
  • Teaching independence

Staff Support

  • Enhanced staffing
  • Co-taught classroom
  • Small group instruction
  • Providing staff training
  • Collaboration time
  • Use of paraprofessional staff


  • Allowing answers to be dictated
  • Allowing additional time
  • Reading test to student
  • Accepting short answers
  • Highlighting key directions

For more information, check out Supplementary Aids and Services >>

Excerpted from “World of Options and Opportunities PowerPoint” by the Connecticut State Department of Education