All About the IEP

  • Short and Sweet IEP Overview
  • The IEP Team
  • Contents of the IEP

When a child receives special education services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), he or she must have an Individualized Education Program (IEP). This is a written document listing, among other things, the special educational services that the child will receive. The IEP is developed by a team that includes the child’s parents and school staff.

The IEP is an extremely important document in the educational lives of students with disabilities receiving special education under IDEA. The resources we’ve listed below will help you learn more about IEPs—what the law requires, what information a typical IEP contains, how IEPs are developed, and so on.

In Spanish | En español – El Equipo y el Contenido del IEP


The Short-and-Sweet IEP Overview
Find out fast what an IEP is, who writes it, and what it contains.

Developing Your Child’s IEP
Complete overview that explains the basics of the special education process and gives you information on how to be an effective partner with your child’s school.

Contents of the IEP
A child’s IEP, by law, must contain specific information, including the special education and related services that he or she will receive. But there’s so much more in an IEP! Find out in detail.

The IEP Team
A child’s IEP is developed by a team of individuals that includes key school staff and the child’s parents. Find out who’s required by law to serve on the team and what they might contribute to developing the IEP.

When the IEP Team Meets
What goes on at an IEP team meeting? What does IDEA require? What types of considerations, discussions, and decisions must be made by the IEP team? Find out here.

Addressing Bullying Through the IEP
Research shows that kids with disabilities are more likely to be the target of bullying. Unfortunately, many parents are being told by their school that bullying can’t be addressed through their child’s IEP. We are here to say it most certainly can! Here are a few practical tips to follow as you tackle the problem.

Accessible Materials
As part of IDEA 2004, NIMAS and NIMAC were created to support a nationwide system to provide accessible versions of core instructional materials, textbooks and related products, to qualifying students with print disabilities. However, regardless of whether or not a student with learning disabilities, dyslexia or any other disability is eligible for NIMAS-derived materials, the school still has the responsibility for providing accessible versions of materials to any student the IEP team determines needs them.


IEP Blog Posts


I Don’t Think My Child’s IEP Is Working, What Do I Do?
Before scheduling an IEP meeting to discuss your concerns, do some homework. Your initial concern may not be the primary cause of your child’s difficulty.
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No Progress. School says: “No Change is Good?!”
When the school last administered the KeyMath test, her scores dropped! The school wasn’t concerned. They said “No change is good.” It is not good news when a child’s test scores drop.
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17 Tips for Getting Quality Special Education Services for Your Child
Helpful tips for before, during and after the IEP meeting as well as tips for what to do if things don’t work out.
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When Should Parents Receive ARD/IEP Paperwork?
I recently ran across a very interesting document on the Education Service Center (ESC) 13 website. It contains a Texas Education Agency (TEA) Q & A document on Prior Written Notice.
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ARD/IEP Committee Decision Making Process
IDEA says that the IEP meeting serves as a communication vehicle between parents and school personnel, and enables them, as equal participants, to make joint, informed decisions …
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Writing IEP Goals
Creating an IEP with a team of people who are all there to design a good educational program for one unique child can be a pleasure… When the whole team has the same level of understanding about IEPs, it is even better. Sounds like crazy talk?
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What Can I Do if the School Isn’t Following My Child’s IEP?
Sometimes parents find out or believe that the district is not following their child’s IEP. When this situation occurs, it is essential for the parent to act quickly and to take the right steps in resolving the issue.
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Is Your PLOP a Flop?
If you are into acronyms, the PLOP is known now as the PLAAFP (Present Levels of Academic Achievement and Functional Performance)… Present levels are the starting point for setting IEP goals and measuring progress toward these goals.
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How Do I Get My Child’s IEP Going at the Beginning of the School Year?
It can be challenging to transition your child’s IEP services from year to year—and especially from school to school… Fortunately, there are steps you can take to help the transition go as smoothly as possible for your child.
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Comments that Parents Hear: “Your child is too smart to have an IEP.”
Intelligence has no bearing on disability or need. Even individuals with genius level IQs can have a disability that affects their ability to access the curriculum.
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Comments that Parents Hear: “Since your child just moved here, there is no reason to review the IEP.”
The regulations differentiate between a student who has transferred within the state and one who transferred from another state.
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Facilitated IEPs in Texas
In 2013, the Texas passed legislation addressing facilitated IEPs. IEP facilitation offered by a school is now an option for resolving disputes.
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5 School Trouble Spots
Getting your child an appropriate educational program is hard enough, but even if you’ve dotted every “i” and crossed every “t” on the IEP … there will still be times during the school day when all those helps fall down a hole.
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