The education of children with disabilities is a top national priority. Our nation’s special education law, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), sets high standards for their achievement and guides how special help and services are made available in schools to address their individual needs.

In Spanish | En español – Ayuda para Niños con Discapacidades

When a child is having trouble in school, it’s important to find out why. The child may have a disability. By law, schools must provide special help to eligible children with disabilities. This help is called special education and related services.

There’s a lot to know about the process by which children are identified as having a disability and in need of special education and related services.  Check out our video on the ARD process to learn more:

More than 6 million children with disabilities receive special education and related services in our schools each year. To learn more about these vital services, explore the topics below:

10 Basic Steps in Special Education

Wondering how a child becomes eligible for special education and related services in school? Come here for a to-the-point overview of the 10 basic steps involved.  http://prntexas.org/10-basic-steps-in-the-special-education-process/

Key Terms to Know in Special Education

This page is like visiting a dictionary of important special education terms (such as the term “child with a disability”). Each definition comes directly from IDEA. http://prntexas.org/key-terms-in-special-education/

Questions Often Asked by Parents about Special Education Services

This page answers some of the most frequently asked questions about special education, deciding eligibility, the evaluation process, writing and implementing an IEP, re-evaluation, and resolving disputes. http://prntexas.org/questions-often-asked-by-parents-about-special-education-services/

Parental Rights under IDEA

By law, parents of children with disabilities being served under IDEA have specific rights. Find out what those rights are with our video series on the Procedural Safeguards. https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLE876877019EC5EC5

Special Education Services for Preschoolers with Disabilities

What services are available for preschoolers who are experiencing developmental delays? Where can you turn for help and support? http://prntexas.org/babies-toddlers/

Evaluating Children for Disability

Before a child may receive special education for the first time, he or she must be evaluated fully and individually. The evaluation’s free! Find out all about the process here. http://prntexas.org/evaluating-children-for-disability/

All About the IEP

Every child who receives special education services under IDEA must have an IEP—Individualized Education Program. Come here to learn all about IEPs – what the law requires, what information a typical IEP contains, how IEPs are developed, and why they’re so important. http://prntexas.org/all-about-the-iep/

In Spanish | En español – El Equipo y el Contenido del IEP

7 Ways to Include Students in Physical Education

Studies have found that special education students are less likely to be enrolled in physical education compared to their general education peers.  Physical education teachers around the world are coming up with new ways to include all students and get everyone moving. Here are seven everyday challenges and solutions in physical education today, all of which can be written into a student’s IEP. http://prntexas.org/7-ways-to-include-students-in-physical-education/

Placement Issues

Placement is where a student with a disability receives his or her special education and related services. IDEA requires placement in the least restrictive environment (LRE), a setting that is based on the child’s IEP. Find out who decides placement and how they decide it. http://prntexas.org/placement-issues-lre/

Supports, Modifications, and Accommodations for Students

There are many powerful ways to support children with disabilities in regular classrooms and school activities. Adaptations and modifications, designed to fit a student’s needs, can make all the difference in the world! http://prntexas.org/supports-modifications-and-accommodations-for-students/

Addressing Behavior Issues

What to do about challenging behaviors in students? Our Behavior Issues Suite includes 5 separate resource pages that will connect you with the spectrum of expertise out there. http://prntexas.org/behavior-issues/

Transition to Adulthood

Youth with disabilities need to plan ahead for their transition from high school. The law mandates it, in fact! Enter here if you’d like to connect with a wealth of materials and knowledge. http://prntexas.org/transition/

Connecting with Your Community

“Being a part of your community is about more than just being present in your community.” There are many ways for individuals with disabilities to contribute to their community. This video from WBPDD talks about a few of those ways and the impact on the individual’s life, as well as the impact on the community. It also talks about finding and offering your talents to help build community networks. http://prntexas.org/connecting-with-your-community/

Resolving Disputes Between Parents and Schools

When disagreements occur between the parents of a child with disability and the school, both can turn to IDEA’s dispute resolution options. http://prntexas.org/resolving-disputes-between-parents-and-schools/